Slum-free City Planning: Methodology
Slum-free City Cell in Urban Local Body headed by the Municipal Commissioner/Executive Officer will be primarily responsible for the preparation of Slum-free City Plans based on guidelines provided by the concerned State Government and support extended by the Nodal Agency for Rajiv Awas Yojana at the State level. The diagram in the next page provides a conceptual framework for the preparation of Slum-free City Plan.
The preparation of Slum-free City Plan will broadly involve Slum Redevelopment/Rehabilitation Plans based on
(a) Survey of all slums – notified and non-notified; (b) Mapping of slums using the state-of-art technology; (c) integration of geo-spatial and socio-economic data; and (d) identification of development model proposed for each slum. Base maps to an appropriate scale would be a pre-requisite for the preparation of Slum Redevelopment Plan/Slum-free City Plan. States/UTs may need to proceed in the following steps for the preparation of Slum-free City Plans.
- Securing CARTOSAT II/latest satellite images from NRSC/ISRO and preparation of base maps for the whole city and its fringes using the images.
- Identification and inventory of all slum clusters of all descriptions in the urban agglomeration with the help of satellite image and other available data.
- Inventory of all possible vacant lands in each zone of the urban agglomeration that could be used for slum redevelopment/ rehabilitation development purposes.
- Development of Slum Map of every slum within the city and its fringes using GIS with CARTOSAT II images, ground level spatial data collected through total station survey, collating spatial information with respect to plot boundaries, network of basic infrastructure like roads, sewerage, storm drainage and water lines, etc and superimposing this on the satellite image and importing them into GIS platform as the first step towards the preparation of Slum Development Plans and Slum Free City Plan. This may be undertaken with the help of technical partners of NRSC/ ISRO/other technical institutions/agencies.
- Identification and engagement of Lead NGO/CBO to guide and anchor community mobilization for the purpose of slum survey, (May be more than one NGO/CBO in different slum zones) of the city. These Lead NGOs/CBOs should also be associated in slum survey operations and dialogues for preparation of slum level redevelopment plans.
- Conduct of Slum Survey based on the detailed formats (with or without changes) prepared by the Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation with the help of National Buildings Organisation (NBO) - after due training of trainers, training of survey personnel /canvassers and canvassing. It would be helpful for community mobilisation to pick as many canvassers from the sourced slum or nearby slum pockets.
- Collection of bio-metric identification data of slum dwellers based on the above survey (subject to guidelines issued by Unique Identity Authority of India (UIDAI)).
- Entry of data from Slum Surveys in the web-enabled MIS application (to be provided by Ministry of HUPA), compilation and collation of data, preparation of Slum-wise, City and State Slum Survey Database and Baseline Reports. The MIS will assist in developing a robust Slum and Slum Households Information System. (Guidelines and software for development of the MIS will be issued by the Ministry of HUPA).
- Integration of Slum MIS with GIS Maps to enable the preparation of GIS-enabled Slum Information System that is to be used for the preparation of meaningful Slum Development Plans and Slum-free City Plan using a city-wide/zone-based approach. (Guidelines and software for development of GIS platform and its integration with the MIS will be issued by the Ministry of HUPA).
- For each slum identified, Slum Redevelopment Plan to be decided based on models like PPP development, infrastructure provision only, community-based development through Rajiv Awas Housing Societies, etc. This decision-making should necessarily be done with the involvement of the community after community mobilization and dialogue for deciding the model to be adopted. Each slum redevelopment plan should have the timeline against each of the activities and
- Preparation of Slum-free City Plan should be based on the development plans for all slums and strategies for the prevention of future slums, including reservation of land and housing for the urban poor. The Plan should contain timeline of activities for achieving slum-free city, phasing information and financial estimates against each of the activities.
Slum-free City Planning Team (State Government/ULB)
It is suggested that the State needs to first establish a Slum-free City/Technical Cell at the State Nodal Agency level and in each city identified for the preparation of Slum-free City Plan. At the State level, the Secretary dealing with JNNURM/RAY will head the Slum-free City/Technical Cell, coordinated by the State Nodal Officer for RAY. The composition of the Cell will be decided by the State Government. At the city level, the Municipal Commissioner or Executive Officer of the Urban Local Body, assisted by the Additional/Deputy Commissioner/Officer in charge of Slums/Urban Community Development/Planning, will head the Slum-free City Cell, which will include the chiefs of all municipal departments. Each city included under RAY must be enabled to have a competent Slum-free City Planning/Technical Team which can undertake procurement and coordinate with various agencies such as: National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC)/Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and other Technical Agencies.